Filter Transactions

The map_filter_transactions module of the Solana Substreams Explorer filters transactions given a signature hash. For example, let's consider that you want to retrieve transactions containing the 21ED2HBGuLUwgbaBb77cGwFR8MkVQfjR9KszzCb7jZkeSysJkHAVew6RaaBh3r1zTefpdq9Kf5geFp19P3nUXB3t.

Run the Substreams

Run From Source Code

In the substreams-explorer project, move to the solana-explorer folder, which contains the source of the Solana Substreams. Then, build the Rust code:

make build

Now, you can run the Substreams by using the substreams gui command. To avoid iterating over the whole blockchain, the following command extracts transactions including 21ED2HBGuLUwgbaBb77cGwFR8MkVQfjR9KszzCb7jZkeSysJkHAVew6RaaBh3r1zTefpdq9Kf5geFp19P3nUXB3t signatures.

substreams gui ./substreams.yaml \
    map_filter_instructions -e \
    --start-block 153000028 --stop-block +1

In the Output screen of the Substreams GUI you can see there is a transaction with the corresponding signature at block number 153000028.

You can change the signature hash in params section of the the Substreams Manifest (substreams.yaml):

  map_filter_transactions: "signature=21ED2HBGuLUwgbaBb77cGwFR8MkVQfjR9KszzCb7jZkeSysJkHAVew6RaaBh3r1zTefpdq9Kf5geFp19P3nUXB3t"

Run the Package From the Substreams Registry

The Solana Explorer is also available as a Substreams package in the Substreams Regitry. You can simply run it:

substreams gui \
    map_filter_transactions -e \
    --start-block 153000028 --stop-block +1

Inspect the Code

The file contains the source of the module. The output emitted by the module is defined as a Protobuf in the /proto/transactions.proto file of the project.

message Instructions {
  repeated Instruction instructions = 1;

message Instruction {
  string program_id = 1;
  repeated string accounts = 2;
  string data = 3;

message Transactions {
  repeated Transaction transactions = 1;

message Transaction {
  repeated string signatures = 1;

  repeated Instruction instructions = 2;

The output of the Substreams is the Transactions Protobuf object:

fn map_filter_transactions(params: String, blk: Block) -> Result<Transactions, Vec<substreams::errors::Error>> {
    let filters = parse_filters_from_params(params)?; // 1.

    let mut transactions: Vec<Transaction> = Vec::new();

    blk.transactions // 2.
        .filter(|tx| apply_filter(tx, &filters)) // 3.
        .for_each(|tx| {
            let msg = tx.transaction.as_ref().unwrap().message.as_ref().unwrap();
            let acct_keys = tx.resolved_accounts(); // 4.

            let insts: Vec<Instruction> = msg
                .instructions // 5.
                .map(|inst| Instruction { // 6.
                    program_id: bs58::encode(acct_keys[inst.program_id_index as usize].to_vec()).into_string(),
                    accounts: inst
                        .map(|acct| bs58::encode(acct_keys[*acct as usize].to_vec()).into_string())
                    data: bs58::encode(&,

            let t = Transaction { // 7.
                signatures: tx
                    .map(|sig| bs58::encode(sig).into_string())
                instructions: insts,

    Ok(Transactions { transactions })
  1. Parse the filters provided as a parameter to the module function. The signature to filter is defined as a parameter in the Substreams Manifest, and is then injected as a string in the Rust function.

  2. Iterate over the transactions of the block.

  3. Filter the transactions by invoking the apply_filters function. This function only keeps transactions containing the signature passed as a parameter.

  4. Get the accounts of the transaction. The resolved_accounts() method includes accounts stored in the Address Lookup Tables.

  5. Iterate over the instructions of the transaction.

  6. Map every instruction to the Instruction output Protobuf data model of the Substreams, keeping only three fields: program_id, accounts and data.

  7. Map the transaction to the Transaction output Protobuf data model of the Substreams.

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