Filter Instructions

The map_filter_instructions module of the Solana Substreams Explorer extracts instruction of a given Program ID. For example, consider that you want to extract all the Stake11111111111111111111111111111111111111 instructions.

Run the Substreams

Run From Source Code

In the substreams-explorer project, move to the solana-explorer folder, which contains the source of the Solana Substreams. Then, build the Rust code:

make build

Now, you can run the Substreams by using the substreams gui command. To avoid iterating over the whole blockchain, the following command extracts instructions from the Stake Program only at block 243830383:

substreams gui ./substreams.yaml \
    map_filter_instructions -e \
    --start-block 243830383 --stop-block +1

In the Output screen of the GUI, you can see two Stake11111111111111111111111111111111111111 instructions were retrieved at block 243830383:

The map_filter_instructions allows you to filter any Program ID, and this is configurable as a parameter in the Substreams Manifest (substreams.yaml):

  map_filter_instructions: "program_id=Stake11111111111111111111111111111111111111"

You can replace Stake11111111111111111111111111111111111111 by any instruction of your choice.

Run the Package From the Substreams Registry

The Solana Explorer package is also available on the Substreams Registry. You can run it by using the following command, achieving the same result:

substreams gui \
    map_filter_instructions -e \
    --start-block 243830383 --stop-block +1

Inspect the Code

The file contains the source of the module. The output of the Substreams module is the Instructions object, which is defined in the /proto/transactions.proto file of the project. This is a custom object defined by the user, and you can modify at your will.

message Instructions {
  repeated Instruction instructions = 1;

message Instruction {
  string program_id = 1;
  repeated string accounts = 2;
  string data = 3;

Let's inspect the module function:

fn map_filter_instructions(params: String, blk: Block) -> Result<Instructions, substreams::errors::Error> {
    let filters = parse_filters_from_params(params)?; // 1.

    let instructions : Vec<Instruction> = blk.transactions().flat_map(|tx| { // 2.
        let msg = tx.transaction.as_ref().unwrap().message.as_ref().unwrap(); // 3.
        let acct_keys = tx.resolved_accounts(); // 4.

        msg.instructions.iter() // 5.
            .filter(|inst| apply_filter(inst, &filters, &acct_keys)) // 6.
            .map(|inst| { // 7.
            Instruction {
                program_id: bs58::encode(acct_keys[inst.program_id_index as usize].to_vec()).into_string(),
                accounts: inst.accounts.iter().map(|acct| bs58::encode(acct_keys[*acct as usize].to_vec()).into_string()).collect(),
                data: bs58::encode(&,

    Ok(Instructions { instructions })
  1. The parse_filters_from_params function parses the parameters passed to the module. In this example, the parameter passed is defined in the substreams.yaml file as program_id=Stake11111111111111111111111111111111111111.

  2. Iterate over the transactions of the blocks.

  3. Extract the Message object, which contains relevant information, such as the instructions of the trasaction.

  4. Get accounts of the transaction (the resolved_accounts() method contains also accounts stored in the Address Lookup Tables).

  5. Iterave over the instructions.

  6. Use the apply_filter function to only keep instruction where program_id=Stake11111111111111111111111111111111111111.

  7. Create an Instruction object, which will be the output of the Substreams. This object is declared as a Protobuf in the proto folder of the project.

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