Search
K

Parameterized Modules

Substreams allows you to pass parameters to your modules by specifying them in the manifest.

Parameterization of a Factory contract

It's quite common for a smart contract to be deployed on different networks or even by different dApps within the same network. Uniswap Factory smart contract is a good example of that.
When running Substreams for a dApp, you need to know the smart contract deployment address and for obvious reasons, this address will be different for each deployment.
Instead of hard-coding the address in the Substreams binary, you can customize it without having to rebuild or even repackage the Substreams package. The consumer can then just provide the address as a parameter.
First, you need to add the params field as an input. Note that it's always a string and it's always the first input for the module:
modules:
- name: map_pools_created
kind: map
inputs:
- params: string
- source: sf.ethereum.type.v2.Block
output:
type: proto:uniswap.types.v1.Pools
params:
map_params: 1f98431c8ad98523631ae4a59f267346ea31f984
You can specify the default value directly in the manifest. In this case, we use 0x1f98431c8ad98523631ae4a59f267346ea31f984 - the deployment address for UniswapV3 contract on Ethereum Mainnet.
Handling the parameter in the module is easy. The module handler receives it as a first input parameter and you can use it to filter transactions instead of the hard-coded value:
#[substreams::handlers::map]
pub fn map_pools_created(params: String, block: Block) -> Result<Pools, Error> {
let factory_address = Hex::decode(params).unwrap();
Ok(Pools {
pools: block
.events::<abi::factory::events::PoolCreated>(&[&factory_address])
.filter_map(|(event, log)| {
// skipped: extracting pool information from the transaction
Some(Pool {
address,
token0,
token1,
..Default::default()
})
})
.collect(),
})
}
To pass the parameter to the module using substreams CLI you can use -p key:
substreams gui -e $SUBSTREAMS_ENDPOINT map_pools_created -t +1000 -p map_pools_created="1f98431c8ad98523631ae4a59f267346ea31f984"`

Documenting parameters

It's always a good idea to document what the params represent and how they are structured, so the consumers of your modules know how to properly parameterize them. You can use doc field for the module definition in the manifest.
modules:
- name: map_pools_created
kind: map
inputs:
- source: sf.ethereum.type.v2.Block
- params: string
output:
type: proto:uniswap.types.v1.Pools
doc: |
Params contains Uniswap factory smart contract address without `0x` prefix, i.e. 1f98431c8ad98523631ae4a59f267346ea31f984 for Ethereum Mainnet

Advanced parameters

Sometimes you may need to use multiple parameters for a module. To pass multiple parameters, you can encode them as a URL-encoded query string, i.e. param1=value1&param2=value2.
Suppose you want to track transfers to/from a certain address exceeding a certain amount of ETH. Your module manifest could look like this:
modules:
- name: map_whale_transfers
kind: map
inputs:
- params: string
- source: sf.ethereum.type.v2.Block
output:
type: proto:Transfers
params:
map_params: address=aaa..aaa&amount=100
Our module gets a params string with two parameters: address and amount.
In your module handler, you can decode your parameters using one of the URL decoding crates such as serde_qs, serde_urlencoded or your own helper functions. Here's an example using serde_qs:
#[derive(Debug, Deserialize)]
struct Params {
address: String,
amount: u64,
}
#[substreams::handlers::map]
pub fn map_whale_transfers(params: String, block: Block) -> Result<Transfers, Error> {
let query: Params = serde_qs::from_str(params.as_str()).unwrap();
log::info!("Tracking transfers for address: {} of more than {} ETH", query.address, query.amount);
// filter transfers by address and amount
}
Sometimes parameters can be optional, i.e. you want to track all transfers rather than a specific address. Decoding will look like this in that case:
#[derive(Debug, Deserialize)]
struct QueryParams {
address: Option<String>,
amount: u64,
}
#[substreams::handlers::map]
pub fn map_whale_transfers(params: String, block: Block) -> Result<Transfers, Error> {
let query: QueryParams = serde_qs::from_str(params.as_str()).unwrap();
if query.address.is_none() {
log::info!("Tracking all of more than {} ETH", query.amount);
}
else {
log::info!("Tracking transfers for address: {} of more than {} ETH", query.address, query.amount);
}
}
You can even pass a vector of addresses to track multiple specific whales in our example:
#[derive(Debug, Deserialize)]
struct QueryParams {
address: Vec<String>,
amount: u64,
}
#[substreams::handlers::map]
pub fn map_whale_transfers(params: String, block: Block) -> Result<Transfers, Error> {
let query: QueryParams = serde_qs::from_str(params.as_str()).unwrap();
log::info!("Tracking transfers for addresses: {:?} of more than {} ETH", query.address, query.amount);
}
Depending on the crate you use to decode params string, you can pass them to Substreams CLI like this for example:
substreams gui map_whale_transfers -p map_whale_transfers="address[]=aaa..aaa&address[]=bbb..bbb&amount=100"